Do you know that every day, between 1000 and 10,00,000 DNA is made in our body and dead too.
Do you know what is DNA? or what is the full form of DNA? you must have heard this name somewhere. These words are mostly heard in films, news and hospitals. It is mostly told within the news that this person’s DNA test are going to be done, people came at its Deoxyribonucleic Acid test etc. You have heard this repeatedly but does know about it?
There will be curiosity in your mind to understand what’s DNA? what is the full form of DNA?, what is its function, what is DNA test and what is its significance etc. In this article, we are going to give you complete information about It so that you will be able to understand a lot about it.
First of all, let us tell you that this structure is found in all living cells. It’s found in all organisms. It’s immortal and transferred from generation to generation. So without delay let’s start this article-
What is DNA?
The fibrous molecule found in the chromosomes of living cells is named DNA. It’s shaped like a curved ladder and found in every organism. It has genetic properties and it’s important for every living cell.
It was discovered by scientists James and Francis Crick in the year 1953 and was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962 for this discovery. It’s a molecule which contains the genetic codes of all organisms. It’s found in all organisms ie humans, plants, bacteria, fauna, germs etc.
It’s found in almost every cell except red blood cells In our body, . Every person receives 23 pair DNA from their parents, one of each pair is obtained by mother and one by father. That is, any human’s DNA is made up of a mixture of the DNA of its parents. This is the reason why many of the symptoms of parents are found in children like stature, skin color, hair color, eyes etc.
DNA Full Form
The full form of DNA is ‘Deoxyribonucleic Acid‘. It’s never dies, it is immortal because it’s transferred from generation to generation.
There are about 3 billion bases in human DNA and 99.9 percent are the same in all humans, the rest 0.01 percent makes all humans different from each other. You will be surprised to know, there is 98 percent similarity between DNA of chimpanzees and humans.
D – Deoxyribo
N – Nucleic
A – Acid
The amazing thing is that if the DNA present in the human body is sorted out, then it will be so long that it will reach back from the Sun to Earth 300 times.
It’s occupies a space of 0.09 micrometers in each cell. In 1 gram DNA, 700 terabytes of information can be preserved and in 2 grams of DNA, the internet data of the whole world can be protected easily. Deoxyribonucleic Acid makes its own model in order that every new cell can get DNA at every cellular division . Every day one thousand to at least one million DNA is destroyed by our body. The information of all the species of the world can be secured in one spoon of Deoxyribonucleic Acid.
What is DNA test and how is it done?
You might have heard many of the DNA test in films and news however hardly know that what’s DNA test and how it’s done. There are currently around 1200 sorts of Deoxyribonucleic Acid tests available in science. It transferred from one generation to another. Every man’s genes have 46 chromosomes, of which 23 are from the daddy and 23 from the mom.
It is immortal. If mutations are detected in a single’s Deoxyribonucleic Acid, it’s called mutation, as a result of it’s believed to have been caused by a chemical defect or by ultraviolet rays of the sun.
It has full data of genetic properties. With the assistance of DNA test, genetic diseases might be detected and it may be decided which illness you’ll have within the coming time. It may ensure eye, color, hair color, etc.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid test in people might be finished with the assistance of urine samples, hair, cells inside the cheeks, blood and skin etc. With the help of those samples, accredited laboratories study the DNA and the check report is usually given inside 10 to 20 days. These labs of Deoxyribonucleic Acid testing take cash for that check’s, depending on what kind of testing you’re doing as a result of there are at present 1200 sorts of DNA tests available in science.
Who discovered DNA and when?
It was discovered in the year 1953 by scientists James and Francis Crick and was awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1962 for this discovery.
It is very important in the area of medicine. After the invention of DNA, it has been practiced in several methods and many new things have emerged. Presently, the significance of Deoxyribonucleic Acid in medical area as well as in agriculture, in legal investigation, forensic investigations, etc has began. It has proved to be very useful in solving many crimes.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid testing might be achieved to find out who’s the daddy of a kid or whether there’s any relationship with the individual concerned, brother, sister, aunt etc. It’s test can also be used to determine extra immunity and good breeding organisms in agriculture. At the similar time, with the assistance of Deoxyribonucleic Acid test, efforts are made to determine genetic diseases within the medical field and stop them for the next generation.
I hope you’ve got liked this article. It has all the time been my endeavor to offer details about the full form of DNA to the readers, in order that they do not have to search in any other websites.
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